Type 1 diabetes is often called Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or a Dependent Diabetes Mellitus on Insulin. Thus type 1 diabetes associated with pancreatic inability to make insulin. So this type of diabetes associated with damage or malfunctioning of the pancreas to produce insulin.
Patients with type 1 diabetes mostly occurs in people under the age of 30 years. That is why the disease is often called diabetes in children because the sufferer is more common in children and adolescents. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can not produce enough insulin because the body's immune system disorder that destroys cells that produce insulin, or because of a virus infection so that the hormone insulin in the body decreases and the resulting accumulation of sugar in the bloodstream.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can not produce enough insulin. Because of the lack of insulin causes the glucose stays in the bloodstream and can not be used as energy. Some causes of the pancreas can not produce enough insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes, among other reasons:
* Descent or genetic factors. If one or both parents suffer from diabetes, then the children are at risk of diabetes.
* Autoimmune body is allergic to one type of cell or tissue itself-in this case, which exist in the pancreas. The body loses the ability to form insulin because the immune system destroys cells that produce insulin.
* Virus or chemical substances that cause damage to the island of cells (cell groups) in the pancreas where insulin is made. More and more islands of damaged cells, the greater the likelihood of someone suffering from diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
Because the pancreas produces insulin difficulties, then the insulin must be added each day. Generally by way of injection of insulin. Is it possible with oral care? You can not, because insulin can be destroyed in the stomach when inserted through the mouth.
Another way is to improve the work function of the pancreas. If the pancreas can again function normally, the pancreas can meet the needs of insulin the body needs.