What is Diabetes? Every food we eat is converted into energy by the body. In the stomach and intestines, food elaborated into several basic elements, including one type of sugar, namely glucose. If there is sugar, the pancreas produces insulin, which helps drain the sugar into body cells. Then, the sugar can be absorbed well in the body and burned to produce energy.
Indonesia was ranked as the four countries with the highest number of diabetics in the world
When a person has diabetes, the pancreas that person can not produce enough insulin to absorb sugar obtained from food. That which causes blood sugar levels are high due to heaps of sugar from food that can not be absorbed well and burned into energy. Other causes are defective insulin or the body can not utilize insulin properly.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, an organ next to the stomach. This hormone attaches itself to receptors on the cell wall. Insulin receptors on duty to open the cell wall so glucose enters the cell. Then these cells convert glucose into energy the body needs to do activities. In other words, insulin helps deliver sugar into cells so that transformed into energy. If the amount of insulin is not enough, it happened hoarding sugar in the blood causing diabetes.
The cause of diabetes or diabetes, depending on the type of diabetes who suffer. There are 2 types of diabetes are common and many people are suffering diabetes type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The difference is that if type 1 diabetes because of pancreatic organ function can not produce insulin, while type 2 diabetes because the problem is less the amount of insulin because the pancreas can not function properly.