Is it a stroke?
Stroke disease is a disorder of brain function caused by blood flow to the brain disorder (reduced). As a result, nutrients and oxygen to the brain dbutuhkan not fulfilled properly. Causes of stroke are two kinds, namely the existence of blockages in blood vessels (thrombus), and the presence of a ruptured blood vessel.
Typically a stroke suffered by the elderly, because of the aging process causes hardening and narrowing of blood vessels (arteriosclerosis) and the presence of fats that clog arteries (atherosclerosis). But some of the last case showed an increase of stroke cases that occurred in adolescence and childbearing age (15-40 years). In this group, a major cause of stroke is a stress, drug abuse, alcohol, heredity, and an unhealthy lifestyle.
Causes of stroke
In the case of stroke adolescence, genetic factors (heredity) is a major cause of stroke. Frequently encountered cases of stroke caused by blood vessel rupture fragile and easily, or blood system disorders such as hemophilia and thalassemia disease that is inherited by the parents of the patient. Whereas if a family member with diabetes (diabetes), hypertension (high blood pressure), and heart disease, stroke likely to be greater in other family members.
Another cause of stroke is a food with higher levels of bad cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein) is very high. There was a lot of evil Koleserol on junk food, or fast food. In addition, other causes of stroke is a lazy habit of exercising and moving, lots of drinking alcohol, smoking, use of narcotic and addictive substances, much less rest time, and prolonged stress. Rupture of blood vessels are also often caused by disease of high blood pressure (hypertension).
Symptoms of stroke
The initial symptoms of stroke usually dizziness, head seemed to spin (like vertigo disease), followed by disruption to speak and move his mouth muscles. Other symptoms are feelings tergangguanya sensor (can not feel anything, such as pinched or poked a needle) and the body feels paralyzed side, and the absence of reflexes. Also often occur suddenly blind or blurred vision (due to blood supply and oxygen to the eyes is reduced drastically), disturbance of taste in the mouth of the system and the muscles of the mouth (so often encountered people with a wry face), paralysis of the muscles of your body, and disruption system memory and emotion. Often some patients can not stop crying because of paralysis of the brain controls emotions on the system. It made such effective stroke sufferers of mental illness, it is not. Things like this that need to be understood by patients' family.
There are two main healing process that must be lived patients. First is healing with medicines in hospitals. Strict control must be done to keep the bad cholesterol can be lowered and did not grow up. In addition, patients are also forbidden to eat foods that can trigger a stroke, such as junk foods and salt (can trigger hypertension).
The second is the healing process fisiotherapy, which exercises the muscles to restore muscle function and communication function to be close to its original state. Fisiotherapi fisiotherapi conducted with instructors, and patients must adhere to the exercise performed. If this fisiotherapi not be taking seriously, then permanent paralysis can occur in limb paralysis had ever experienced.
Healing in patients with stroke varies greatly. There can be recovered perfectly (100%), some are just 50% only. Healing depends on whether or not a severe stroke, the body condition of the patient, the patient compliance through the process of healing, perseverance and spirit of the patient to recover, and the support and understanding from all members of the family of the patient. Often found that stroke patients can recover, but suffered severe depression because their families do not want to understand and feel deeply disturbed by the disease (such as the attitude of patients not receiving state, the harsh treatment because patients have to clean the impurities, submit a patient to the nurse who was also treated patients with harshly, and so forth). This should be avoided if a family member who suffers a stroke.